Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) consist of materials, usually industrial wastes or by-products enriched with radioactive elements found in the environment, such as uranium, thorium and potassium and any of their decay products, such as radium and radon. Workers at risk of exposure include those who handle pipes and equipment that might have been contaminated with NORM. Sludge, drilling mud, and pipe scales, for example, often contain elevated levels of NORM, and the radioactive materials might be moved from site to site as equipment and materials are reused. Disposal, reuse, and recycling of NORM might cause worker exposures.
The Globally Harmonized System (GHS) for Hazard Communication of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals is a system for standardizing the classification and labeling of chemicals. The GHS includes criteria for the classification of health, physical and environmental hazards, as well as specifying what information should be included on labels of hazardous chemicals as well as safety data sheets.
In order to ensure chemical safety in the workplace, Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) is based on a simple concept for employees who have a need and right to know the hazards and identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when working. They also need to know what protective measures are available to prevent adverse effects from occurring. Knowledge acquired under the HCS will help employers provide safer workplaces for their employees. When employees have information about the chemicals being used, they can take steps to reduce exposures, substitute less hazardous materials, and establish proper work practices. These efforts will help prevent the occurrence of work-related illnesses and injuries caused by chemicals.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires all employees who potentially will work around or be exposed to Hazardous Materials (HazMat) to be trained before they begin working. Training includes an explanation of the hazards, how to handle hazardous materials, how to use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), how to minimize risks from hazards, and medical surveillance requirements for monitoring as well as recognition of exposure symptoms.
The Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standard (HazWoper) applies to employers and their employees who are exposed or potentially exposed to hazardous substances, including hazardous waste. The purpose of this training is to give employees a understanding of what HazWoper means, the purpose of the standards, and requirements associated with safety, health training as well as medical surveillance. They will also have a general understanding of chemical hazards, control measures, and the basic requirements of emergency response training.
A carcinogen is any substance, radio-nuclide, or radiation that is an agent directly involved in causing cancer. This may be due to the ability to damage the genome or to the disruption of cellular metabolic processes and millions of U.S. workers are exposed to chemical materials that could be carcinogenic. If any of your employees are in this group, train them to take these steps to protect themselves from carcinogen exposure.
Hydrogen sulfide gas causes a wide range of health effects and workers are primarily exposed to hydrogen sulfide by breathing it. In order to work safely around hydrogen sulfide, employees must be aware of its properties and characteristics. This training teaches how to recognize when hydrogen sulfide is present in the work area and take necessary precautions to work with it safely. Learn how the effects depend on how much hydrogen sulfide you breathe and for how long as well as how exposure to very high concentrations can quickly lead to death. Hydrogen sulfide is a highly flammable, explosive gas, and can cause possible life-threatening situations if not properly handled.